Ten Steps from Pain Patient to Person
It's a journey with many phases. The American Chronic Pain Association (ACPA) describes these phases as Ten Steps.
The ACPA's Ten Steps for Moving from Patient to Person:
- Accept the pain. Learn all you can about your physical condition. Understand that there may be no current cure and accept that you will need to deal with the fact of pain in your life.
- Get Involved. Take an active role in your own recovery. Follow your doctor's advice and ask what you can do to move from a passive role into one of partnership in your own health care.
- Learn to set priorities. Look beyond your pain to the things that are important in your life. List the things that you would like to do. Setting priorities can help you find a starting point to lead you back into a more active life.
- Set realistic goals. We all walk before we run. Set goals that are within your power to accomplish or break a larger goal down into manageable steps. And take time to enjoy your successes.
- Know your basic rights. We all have basic rights. Among these are the right to be treated with respect, to say no without guild, to do less than humanly possible, to make mistakes, and to not need to justify your decisions, with words or pain.
- Recognize emotions. Our bodies and minds are one. Emotions directly affect physical well being. By acknowledging and dealing with your feelings, you can reduce stress and decrease the pain you feel.
- Learn to relax. Pain increases in times of stress. Relaxation exercises are one way of reclaiming control of your body. Deep breathing, visualization and other relaxation techniques can help you to better manage the pain you live with.
- Exercise. Most people with chronic pain fear exercise. But unused muscles feel more pain than toned flexible ones. With your doctor, identify a modes exercise program that you can do safely. As you build strength, your pain can decrease. You'll feel better about yourself, too.
- See the total picture. As you learn to set priorities, reach goals, assert your basic rights, deal with your feelings, relax and regain control of your body, you will see that pain does not need to be the center of your life. You can choose to focus on your abilities, not your disabilities. You will grow stronger in your belief that you can live a normal life in spite of chronic pain.
- Reach out. It is estimated that one person in three suffers with some form of chronic pain. Once you have begun to find ways to manage your chronic pain problem, reach out and share what you know. Living with chronic pain is an ongoing learning experience. We all support and learn from each other.